Zakat on cattle


There are some conditions that Zakah on cattle is not due unless all of them are realized. These conditions were laid down with the aim of easing restrictions on the owner, so that he gives Zakah willingly. Thus, Zakah achieves the noble aims for which it is ordained. These conditions are:

1. Reaching the Nisab
The minimum amount (Nisab) of camels counted for Zakah is five camels. While no Zakah is due on less than forty sheep, the minimum amount of cows counted for Zakah is thirty.

2. The lapse of a full year
This implies that Zakah is not due unless the property remains in the possession of its owner for a full year right from the day it reaches the minimum amount counted for Zakah. This is confirmed by the Prophet's hadith in which he maintained, ''Zakah is not due on a property unless after the lapse of a full year.''
In case the cattle bear offspring during the year, the value of the offspring is to be added to the total value of cattle. If the possession is interrupted during the year due to selling cattle or bartering them, a new year is to be calculated from the day in which the cattle are sold or bartered, provided that the owner did not do that with the intention of evading the payment of Zakah.

3. Cattle should not be exploited in cultivation
Cattle exploited in cultivation are not counted for Zakah. This is confirmed by the Prophet's saying, ''Nothing is due on the cattle used in cultivation.''


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